Fluvial Landform (11.Endorheic Basin )

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Caspian Sea
Caspian Sea


  • An endorheic basin is a closed drainage basin.
  • That retains water.
  • Allows no outflow to other external bodies of water, such as ;
                                   rivers
                                   oceans

  • Water accrued in a drainage basin eventually flows out through rivers or streams.
  • An endorheic basin, rain that falls within it does not flow out.
  •  The bottom of such a basin is typically occupied by a salt lake or salt pan.
Great Salt Lake


  • Endorheic water bodies include some of the largest lakes in the world, such as;

                      Aral Sea
                     Caspian Sea

  • Endorheic lakes are bodies of water do not flow into the sea.

  • Endorheic lakes are usually in the interior of a body mass, far from an ocean.
  • Watersheds are often confined by natural geologic land formations .
  • The inland water flows into dry watersheds .
  • endorheic lakes are usually more sensitive to environmental pollutants inputs than water bodies that have access to oceans.
Uureg Nuur

examples:
  • Lake Tanganyika in Africa.
  • Lake Lahontan in North America.
  • Salar de Atacama, in the Atacama Desert, Chile.
  • Lake Trasimeno, in Italy.
  • Lake Velence, in Hungary.
  • Bolsón de Mapimí, in northern Mexico.
  • Willcox Playa of southern Arizona
  • Qattara Depression, in Egypt.
  • Chott Melrhir, in Algeria.
Wfm tarim basin

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